Arts, Crafts, and Manifest Destiny

Arts, Crafts, and Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny in 1804?

Manifest Destiny in 1804?

Stumbled across this while on my occasional hunt to find a rare Boulevard Beer Lewis and Clark sign I spotted at restaurant once. It’s nice to see that the spirit of Manifest Destiny is alive and well in the arts and crafts community. “This listing is for an 6.25 x 10.5″ unmatted, unframed print of the Territorial Development of the United States from 1776 to 1866 with the saying Manifest Destiny and people who made that idea possible.” I assume this item is supposed to be celebratory. I’m not so sure the problem is that the creator doesn’t fully grasp the concept of Manifest Destiny. Instead, I’m more disturbed that s/he doesn’t realize how synonymous the term is with Indian extermination policies, the belief in God given superiority, or any of the other nuanced problems the concept poses. On top of that, with pictures of Lewis, Clark, Washington, and Jefferson, s/he completely got the timing of their history wrong. Poor form all around.

I sent the poster a kindly worded email urging them to remove the listing. A bit of one-on-one public history if you will.


Southwest Museum Supporters Protest Autry’s Handling Of Collection

Southwest Museum Supporters Protest Autry’s Handling Of Collection

As I’ve watched the dilemma of “The Autry National Center vs. the people of LA” unfold, I (unsurprisingly) always find myself siding with the Autry. The Southwest Museum provides a double conundrum because it is both a history museum and a historic object in itself. While it’s in an institution that seeks to conserve and educate the public about it’s collection, the museum itself is a space with provenance that is a source of local identity. In this case, what is best for the collection is not best for the community, and the community is having an understandably difficult time of accepting that. These protestors may see it as a “loss of taxpayer dollars,” but I think really it’s about a loss of identity and a cultural point of pride.

While I was an intern at the Autry, I toured the Southwest Museum and realized it would be impossible to open the building to the public. It’s not up to code for the public safety of a large number of people, and for them to make it so while meeting historic preservation codes would be a huge time and money investment. At this point, the SW Museum has yet to prove that it’s profitable for them to run. They do have a great collection, but it’s in dire need of costly conservation after being miss-appropriately cared for for a long number of years. And at the end of the day, running a museum is not cheap, nor lucrative, and I doubt these protestors understand there is much more that has to happen and be paid for behind the scenes before anything can be put on display.

However, I also see a fundamental lack of communication between museum and protestor. The SW Museum has been open to tour in the past, which I think was a great opportunity for people to come to know the state of the building and collection after a ten year closure. I think if more of these taxpayers had taken this intimate opportunity to see what the Autry has done with their money, they’d understand. But it doesn’t change the fact that the Autry is doing this largely out of their own pocket. They’re not looking to get rich off of the SW Museum; they want what is best for the collection’s preservation.

I also assume that the Autry moved the collection off-site to its Burbank storage facility because there simply wasn’t enough adequate storage space at the Southwest Museum to house it. Besides, if they do renovate the building, it would be a necessary step anyway. Lastly, it’s a museum, folks. There’s no way the city of Los Angeles is feeling any of the “loss of jobs” by not having the collection housed in the decrepit old museum. The Autry’s main campus is housed on Los Angeles city property, meaning essentially the location of the collection has no effect on jobs.

A very important point that the Autry failed to make in their statement is that the new Burbank center is also home to a new, innovative space for American Indians to interact with items from their collection. What these protestors may not understand is that American Indians who’ve allowed their cultural objects to become a part of the collection in return often expect their objects to be handled in a specific way in accordance to their beliefs. Sometimes they need to perform rituals with the objects, or they request they be stored apart from other objects, or not handled by menstruating women. The Autry understands these needs, and they were able to building the Burbank facility from scratch to meet them. The SW Museum simply cannot. It was opened 100 years ago, when the relationship between Native people and museums was much, much different, when museums did not consider the beliefs of the objects’ source communities in their practices. 

My overall point is the Autry isn’t swindling anyone, or abusing taxpayer dollars. They want what is best for the collection, and that’s what their doing with what resources they have, both spatial and financial. These protestors need to look at the bigger issue and maybe ask themselves why the loss of the Southwest’s collection really bothers them. Hopefully they will come to agree that the collection’s safety is of paramount importance, and then begin to explore other options to redefine the role the SW Museum can play in their community.

New Lewis and Clark Book Written from Nez Perce Perspective

Histories about the Lewis and Clark expedition written from a Native perspective are very rare. This is the first book to dwell exclusively on one tribe, and I’m glad to see it is the Nez Perce. Considering it was co-authored by a Nez Perce tribal historian and a professional historian connected to the tribe through marriage, I hope that this will be an insightful book adapted from the tribe’s internal oral traditions, and will be recognized as a legitimate history by mainstream historians. Historically, tribal histories of the expedition have been skeptically received. This is due mostly to the pointless discrepancy over Sacajawea’s death, an ill-founded debate started by the unsolicited imposition of a meddling, white historian.

Hopefully Lewis and Clark Among the Nez Perce will start a new trend in Lewis and Clark literature, and encourage more tribes to publish their traditional accounts of the expedition. Of all the gaps in the current literature, this is by far the largest. Next, I’d like to see the Lemhi Shoshone contribute to the conversation, partially because their connection to Sacajawea has been a foundation for their argument for federal recognition for many years. Their story, past and present, is one more people need to be aware of. We put their ancestor on the American gold dollar, yet we will not reinstate their status as a federal tribe, only because this would require the establishment of a reservation. God forbid Americans in the twenty-first century be forced to give up their claim to these people’s traditional homelands! But that’s a whole other topic…

New Lewis and Clark Book Written from Nez Perce Perspective

“Lewis and Clark in Indian Country”

It’s here! It’s finally arrived! My first contribution to a scholarly journal has finally be printed, bound and sent to my doorstep. It’s not much, but I’m more proud of it than any other piece I’ve had published. Except for maybe “Keith and Kenny’s Desert Destinations,” my short story about a guy named Jesus, two homosexuals and smoking weed in the desert. 

“Lewis and Clark in Indian Country”

Custer: Budweiser’s Newest Spokesman

Should a beer company be held responsible for rampant alcohol abuse on a Indian reservation?

I’m not sure how I feel about this lawsuit. Although I’m sympathetic to American Indians who recognize, address and attempt to amend the social evils which plague their communities, I also think a lawsuit such as this does not acknowledge the perpetrators of alcohol abuse and the conscious decision of the people who choose to partake. I’m not familiar enough with the story to know whether the Oglala are attempting to help those whose lives are destroyed by alcohol abuse, though I assume they are, mostly likely with limited resources. Though I agree this would garner the tribe national attention, it seems that lawsuits such as this are often the go-to solution for American Indians to get national coverage and hopefully redress (or at least an out of court settlement).

Rather than go black or white with this, I believe the solution is to go sideways, or at least, northeast, to the Badlands National Park in South Dakota. There is discussion currently on the part of the National Park Service to put administration of the park into the hands of the Oglala Sioux, making it the first tribal-run national park in the country. I believe this is a thinly-veiled recognition by the federal government of the Sioux that have never accepted monetary compensation after the US failed to carry out the conditions of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie, granting the Sioux absolute control over the Badlands. A national park operated by an American Indian tribe would be a historic accomplishment and a new precedent for the future set on the eve of the centennial anniversary of the creation of the NPS system. This would mean great possibilities in interpretation and it is also a somewhat ballsy move on the park of the United States to allow American Indians to  have interpretive control over one of the most hot button topics in American Western history. I plan on following this story closely and hope that the Oglala Sioux with find fulfillment and a sense of renewed purpose if granted this charge and with the creation of new jobs will come a permanent curb in alcohol abuse. Meanwhile I’ll have to think twice about what Budweiser means by calling itself “The Great American Lager.” 

Custer: Budweiser’s Newest Spokesman